Education System in Mayanmar - An Overview
The Ministry of Education in Myanmar is competent authority to provide Education in the country. The professional / technical institutions and universities from lower Myanmar and Upper Myanmar are administered by the Department of Higher Education. Myanmar has a maximum of Government Schools though, in recent years Private Schools have also started to establish in the country and shifted focus on English Education. Whereas, in general English is taught as a second language right from Kindergarten. Moreover, the Government of Myanmar has made Elementary Schooling compulsory for all Burmese natives.
According to a report published by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organizations) in 2005, the literacy rate in Myanmar was 89.7%. The male literacy was 93.7% and female literacy was 86.2%. And the Government spent only about 1.2% on education.
The Myanmar Education System runs along the following structure -
- Ph.D. - 6 to 9 years
- Master's or M.B.B.S. - 5 to 6 years
- University Education (Degree Oriented) - 3 to 4 years
- University Education (Regional College) - 1 to 2 years
- Upper Secondary - 9 to 10 standards
- Lower Secondary - 6 to 8 standards
- Primary - 1 to 5 standards
- Kindergarten - K1 to K3